Social Mobility: Professions That Have Become Available to Women Over the Past 20 Years


Career Fields that Became Open for Women or Dominated by Them throughout the World Since 2000

Throughout centuries of history, the social roles of men and women have been changing all the time. Back in ancient times, societies used to be matriarchal. Within recent 2 to 4 thousand years, men took the dominating roles in every field but householding: from military service to scientific research and teaching.

Previously, women were thought not to have enough thinking abilities and rational approaches to master most professions. Their social role was simplified and isolated: kitchen, kids, and church. Sometimes music and dancing.

Of course, there were exceptions. Still, female writers or scientists were publicly perceived as abnormal freaks rather than qualified professionals. I ordered essay paper help on this topic back in my college days but then decided to study it a bit deeper.

What I found out seems to be pretty obvious nowadays: the 20th century was the time of social changes and rapid emancipation development.

The last 100 years became revolutionary for labour markets throughout the world. The numbers of women getting an education and starting to work as qualified specialists have been growing slowly but surely. Of course, the way was difficult, and certain restrictions made it till the year 2000 and exist even today. However, the two decades of the new millennium were full of new chances for women to build their careers.

Here below, I picked professions that became more open or even dominated by female workers since 2000. I regret there was not so much data on the topic of women’s labour when I asked pros to write my essay for me several years ago. Now I understand that it would be great to add some points to that essay.

Let’s see the newest fields for females to build their careers that opened within two decades.

1. IT Professions

Although the very first coder in the world was a British woman, Lady Ada Lovelace, who lived almost two centuries ago, things had been different for the overwhelming majority of women when it came to computing or information technologies. Seriously, a rare person would imagine a woman to become a programmer, a network administrator, or a data scientist, even in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Still, times are changing. Back in 2014, one of the leading IT companies in the world, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), gained a female CEO and President – Lisa Su. She has been remaining the head of this industrial giant for 6 years straight. Nowadays, no key events in the field can make it without her presence. For instance, this woman was honoured to open the Computex 2019 exhibition.

Overall, the percentage of females in programming and IT reached almost a quarter of all workers by 2015. And since then, their number is stably growing.

2. Politics

The most prominent mark of social progress for women in politics worldwide was probably the appearance of Hilary Clinton as the presidential nominee in the 2016 elections. She became the first woman ever becoming the candidate to occupy the US’s highest governmental position. One of the current US vice-president candidates is also a woman, Kamala Harris.

Although the exceptions like Margaret Thatcher, Angela Merkel, and Theresa May have been known for a long, the number of female top-level politicians worldwide was much lower in 2000 compared to the current situation. The year 2020 has more females actively serving as presidents, prime ministers, or government leaders at a time that it could ever be imagined. Countries like Finland, Norway, Denmark, Slovakia, Greece, and many others chose women to make the most important governmental decisions.

3. Military Service

Men still dominate careers connected with physical strength, endurance, constant life threats, and the use of deadly force. Some may say it’s reasonable. Still, within the chosen timeframe, an increasing number of women have been choosing careers in the military.

In 2013, the US government cancelled the policy forbidding female servants to be tasked with direct combat missions. Another historical achievement happened in August 2015 when the first two females graduated from the Army Ranger school. By 2016, all combat jobs became open to female soldiers in the US military. The UK government opened all roles for women two years later. Still, no woman has fulfilled the severe requirements of particular USMC and Special Forces units yet.

In 2014, the first three female submariners to serve in the Royal Navy. Overall in the UK, 10% of military personnel were women by 2017.

The topic of female war heroism can become a perfect idea for some college essays. Those who need some help with academic assignments might want to consider asking pros for academic writing services.

4. Writing and Journalism

The fact that many female authors used to choose male pen names in the past to avoid prejudice is telling a lot about this field. Back in the 19th and the 20th centuries, rare women had a chance to be treated seriously as writers and journalists. Even even though the UK Society of Women Writers and Journalists had more than 200 members by 1896, females were rather perceived as fairy tale writers for children, or authors of light fiction novels also for women.

The current situation is completely different. Within the last 20 years, female authors became much more accepted throughout the US and Europe. For example, in the US, the field of writing and journalism got dominated by women in 2016: almost 57% of authors were females (compared to 47% in 2000).


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